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Agenda of the 16th Scientific Conference of the International Information Security Research Consortium and the 12th International Forum «Partnership of State Authorities, Civil Society and the Business Community in Ensuring International Information Security» (Garmisch-2018), dated April 11, 2018.

On April 10, 2018, the National Association for International Information Security (NAIIS) was established in Russia. The Constituent Assembly of the Association was held in the Main Building of the Lomonosov Moscow State University (TASS News Agency).

Draft Agenda of the 16th International Information Security Research Consortium Conference.

Information message №1 of the 16th International Information Security Research Consortium Conference.

Timetable of the meetings of the 16th International Information Security Research Consortium Conference.

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16th IISRC Conference

The 16th Scientific Conference
of International Information Security Research Consortium

   The 16th Scientific Conference of International Information Security Research Consortium was held on 18th of April 2018 in Garmisch-Partenkirchen (Germany) within the framework of 12th International Forum «Partnership of State Authorities, Civil Society and the Business Community in Ensuring International Information Security».

  The following questions were put forward at the 16th Scientific Conference of the Consortium:

  1. On implementation of decisions of the 15th Scientific Conference of IISRC. Speaker: Rinat Sharyapov, executive secretary of IISRC, Lomonosov Moscow State University Institute of Information Security Issues
  2. Proposals on new IISRC projects in the sphere of international information security

   Speakers:

  • A.Streltsov, Lomonosov Moscow State University Institute of Information Security Issues, Russia, ”Development of the Manual on application of the rules of responsible behavior of the States in the ICT-environment”;
  • A.Oganesian, A.Tolstukhina, journal “International Affairs”, “Protection of children and youth online”.

   Director of IISI MSU Vadislav P. Sherstyuk moderated the session. He presented the Agenda of the Conference, made a brief overview of the activities of the Consortium since April 2017, and reported on the main results of the 15th Scientific Conference of IISRC, which was held on December 14, 2017 in the Russian Foreign Reception house in Spiridonovka Street in Moscow.

   The Executive Secretary of IISRC Rinat Sharyapov reported on the results and quality of implementation of the paragraphs of the Resolution of the 15th Consortium Conference (December 2017, Moscow ).He also informed the participants of the Conference about the technical updates of the IISRC Web-site, made under the supervision of Yerzhan N. Seitkulov, Director of the Institute of Information Security & Cryptology at Gumilyov Eurasian National University (Kazakhstan)

   The editor of the journal "International Affairs" Anastasia Tolstukhina made a detailed report on the issue of ensuring the safety of children and adolescents online. The report referred to the measures taken by the international community to protect children online and the issues of international legal regulation in this area. She made a proposal to develop a Charter of the safety of children and adolescents in the information space.

   The Director of the Foundation for Internet Development, Professor of the Faculty of Psychology of Moscow State University Galina Soldatova also supported the topic of ensuring the safety of children online and proposed to hold separate meetings on this important issue during subsequent conferences of the IISRC.

   Professor Anatoly Streltsov (IISI MSU) made a presentation on the organization of work on a new IISRC project, related to the application of the rules of responsible behavior of states in the ICT environment. He proposed a framework for the implementation of the project, as well as the composition of the project Directorate with inclusion of authoritative experts – participants of the Consortium.

   Mika Kerttunen (the Head of the Institute of Cyber-Politics (Estonia), supported the idea of a new project and made a number of concrete proposals for its implementation.

   Rafal Rohozinski, representing International Institute for Strategic Studies (UK) and SecDev Foundation (Canada), and Andrey Kulpin, representative of Norilsk Nickel, also spoke at the 16th Scientific Conference of the Consortium.

   Vladislav P. Sherstyuk, summing up the reports and subsequent discussions and comments, confirmed the basic principles and approaches of the Russian Federation in the formation of the system of international information security, gave a positive assessment to the organizational and informative side of the Consortium Conference, supported the proposals for the organization of new projects within the framework of the Consortium and highlighted the importance of continued joint work in countering the threats in the global information space.

   The results of the 16th IISRC Conference.

  1. The Participants listened and took note of the presentation by Rinat Sharyapov on the implementation of the decisions of the 15th IISRC conference (held on December 14, 2017 in Moscow).
  2. The Participants listened and took note of the initiative of the editorial board of the journal “International Affairs” about the viability of carrying out work on the issue of protecting children and adolescents online.
  3. The Participants, taking into account the results of the Workshop – Round table № 4 «Frameworks for the implementation of norms, rules and principles for responsible behaviour of the States in the ICT environment» held in the framework of the 12th Forum, discussed the organization of work on a new IISRC project on application of the rules of responsible behavior of states in the ICT environment. It was decided to establish a project Directorate with the following participation:
      - Anatoly Streltsov, Institute of Information Security Issues at Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia;
      - Andreas Kuehn, East-West Institute, US;
      - Eneken Tikk, Cyber Policy Institute, Estonia;
      - Nohyoung Park, Cyber Law Centre at Korea University, Republic of Korea;
      - Daniel Stauffacher, ICT4Peace Foundation, Switzerland.

   The next 17th Conference of the Consortium is scheduled for December 2018 in Moscow (Russia).

   Traditionally, among regular and active participants of the 16th Consortium Conference and the 12th International Forum were:

  
  - Alexander Kurbatsky (Academy of Sciences of Belarus and Belarusian state University);
  - the representatives of the Russian companies - "MFI SOFT", Norilsk Nickel, Kaspersky Lab, and the journal “International Affairs (Russia);
  - Rafal Rohozinski (International Institute for Strategic Studies (UK) and SecDev Foundation (Canada);
  - the delegation of China Association for International Friendly Contact (CAIFC);
  - Andreas Kuehn and Vladimir Ivanov (East-West Institute, USA);
  - Nohyoung Park, Director of Cyber Law Centre at Korea University (Republic of Korea);
  - Hiro Fujimaki, Tokai University (Japan);
  - The delegation of the Institute of Electronics and Telecommunications (IE & T) under the Kyrgyz State Technical University named after I. Razzakov, headed by the director Gulnara Abdyllaeva;
  - Eneken Tikk and Mika Kerttunen (Cyber Policy Institute, Estonia);
  - Daniel Stauffacher, ICT4Peace Foundation (Switzerland).
  

   Following the results of reports and discussions at the 16th Scientific Conference of the Consortium and the 12th International Forum, the following Resolution was adopted.

Resolution
of the XII International Forum
«Partnership of State Authorities, Civil Society and the Business Community in Ensuring International Information Security»
and the Sixteenth Scientific Conference of the International Information Security Research Consortium
April 16-19, 2018, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany

  1. The participants of the sessions have discussed the following topical issues of International Information Security:
    • Current issues of Information Security in the context of Digital economy development (Workshop – Round table № 1); • Frameworks for implementation of public-private partnership in the field of ensuring the security of Critical Information Infrastructure (Workshop – Round table № 2);
    • Challenges of countering the use of ICTs for malicious military and political purposes (Workshop – Round table № 3); • Frameworks for the implementation of norms, rules and principles for responsible behaviour of the States in the ICT environment (Workshop – Round table № 4);
    • Challenges of ensuring the "Digital Sovereignty" of the States (Workshop – Round table № 5); • Proposals on new IISRC projects in the sphere of international information security (Sixteenth scientific conference of the IISRC).
  2. In the course of the Workshop – Round table № 1 the participants have discussed the following issues:
    • Issues of international cooperation with regard to the development of the Digital Economy.
    • Digitization of the economy and ensuring of Information Security.

         Following the results of the discussions the experts concluded that there is no alternative to the development of the Digital Economy. It has a great investment potential, but the investors vaguely understand the threats to Information Security and are not ready to fund its maintenance.

  3. In the course of the Workshop – Round table № 2 the participants have discussed the following issues:
    • Recent initiatives of Private Business in the field of ensuring the security of Critical Information Infrastructure. How could we unite our efforts?
    • The practice of regulatory and legal management of issues of ensuring Information Security, including the exchange of best practices in building frameworks for interaction between CERTs with different forms of ownership and in different jurisdictions.
    • Monopolism of suppliers of IT-systems and solutions in the field of information security in certain areas: issues, threats and challenges. Protection of domestic markets vs freedom of trade and entrepreneurship.

         The experts have thoroughly discussed the state of development of the Public-Private Partnership in various countries on ensuring Security of the Critical Information Infrastructure. Despite marking some recent progress in this field, at the same time it has been noted that the measures taken are significantly lagging behind the qualitative and quantitative development of Cyberthreats. In particular, the participants have noted some issues of allocation of the roles between the State and Business in ensuring the Security of the Critical Information Infrastructure. In this regard, all experts have supported the initiatives of MMC Norilsk Nickel and Microsoft Corporation described in The Charter for Information security of critical industrial facilities and the Digital Geneva Convention.

  4. In the course of the Workshop – Round table № 3 the participants have discussed the following issues:
    • Quantitative and qualitative expansion of ICT threats in the politico-military sphere.
    • Possible measures to counter or limit the dangerous activities in the information space.
    • Defining measures for confidence building and deterrence to avoid the accidental escalation of conflict in cyberspace The experts have agreed that it is necessary to continue the discussions in the framework of Garmisch-process on countering the use of ICTs for malicious military-political purposes – giving the priority to Cyberwar prevention measures. Following the results of the discussions the experts also concluded that:
    • the issues of application of International Law for prevention of conflicts in cyberspace remain relevant; the most complex among them are: the issue of attribution, the issue of recording of legal facts of malicious use of ICTs and the issue of determining of the causal link between a Cyberincident and the possible consequences of its implementation;
    • malicious use of ICTs can become an influencing factor of Strategic Stability.
  5. In the course of the Workshop – Round table № 4 the participants have discussed the following issues:
    • What issues of ambiguous interpretation and applicability have been identified in the specific articles of the rules included in the 2015 GGE report?
    • Is it possible to develop a Manual on application of the rules, mentioned in p.1?

         Following the results of the discussions the experts have concluded that in the current situation of an accelerated mass development of Cyberspace by various actors – to leave it without rules would mean to create chaos with unpredictable consequences. The only feasible foundation for such rules can be the «Norms, rules and principles for the responsible behavior of States» included in the UN GGE Report of 2015. In this regard the efforts of the expert community should be directed towards the development of coordinated procedures and frameworks of implementation of the said Rules, without waiting for the consolidation of their final revision at the UN level.

  6. In the course of the Workshop – Round table № 5 the participants have discussed the following issues:
    • How to ensure the regime of the “digital border”? (what is a regime and what are its main functions; technological issues and possible technological solutions; economy of the border).
    • How to come to an agreement on the “digital border”? (arrangement conditions; subject of a border arrangement; subject of a border regime arrangement).
    • Digital space and the borders in the future. (BGP, SDN, IPv6; geographical distribution of addresses and geographical routing; address as an attribute for the border regime (passport/visa); identification of the data flows and their management).

         Following the results of the discussions the experts have concluded that from the technological standpoint it is possible to draw a «digital boundary». From the standpoint of ensuring «digital sovereignty» of the States there remain issues of political and legal nature: decision-making on the expediency of establishing a «digital boundary» regime and the issue of granting it an international-legal status in any form (unilateral act, bilateral or multilateral agreement).

  7. At the Sixteenth scientific conference of IISRC, the participants, taking into consideration the outcome of the Workshop - Round table № 4, have discussed the questions pertaining the organization of work on the new IISRC Project on application of the rules of responsible behavior of the States in the ICT-environment. It has been decided to form a directorate of the Project comprising as follows:
    • Anatoly Streltsov, Institute of Information Security Issues at Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia; • Andreas Kuehn, East-West Institute, US;
    • Eneken Tikk, Cyber Policy Institute, Estonia;
    • Nohyoung Park, Cyber Law Centre at Korea University, Republic of Korea;
    • Daniel Stauffacher, ICT4Peace Foundation, Switzerland.
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Discussion paper "Recurring questions pertaining to the possible military dimensions of cyber warfare" Maurizio Martellini, Sandro Gaycken, Clay Wilson

"Internet Sovereignty" Sanjay Goel

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